Thursday, September 26, 2013

Fall/Winter Semester Classes and Courses 2013

Classes are offered at the Troy-Hayner Cultural Center in the art studio front room.  You may register at their website, at the Center in person or over the phone.  Per the Center's policy, classes must be paid in full before the class starts.  Checks are made payable to the instructor, Carla Hunolt.

Beginning Oct. 5 in Troy, Ohio:

Beginner’s Intro to Herbal Medicine:  A Comprehensive Course

This is a 6 part course for the beginning student who wants to learn about traditional herbal medicine in depth. Here we take the main lessons of a typical 9 month Foundations course and condense it into a serious study, without the 4 digit cost.

We will cover botany, apothecary practices, forms of administration, tissue states, tongue diagnosis, organs and their energetics, digestive, allergy, wound and nervous system care through herbs as well as make remedies to take home and more!  Remedies will include tinctures, tea, vinegar and a salve.  Weather permitting there will also be a plant walk!  A class text is provided but please bring a pen or pencil and paper to do some extra note taking.

This class is fitting for anyone who wants to learn about how plants work in the body, is mystified and confused standing in the supplement isles at health food stores, and/or would like to be empowered with a foundation for caring naturally for their basic health and that of their loved ones.

Age: Adults

Fee: $300 + $75 supply fee that covers text, raw materials for class projects such as salve and tincture making, tea served in class, etc.  Total cost $375

Meets: 10:00am to 12:30pm, 6 Saturdays,  10/5, 10/19, 11/2, 11/9, 12/14, 12/21 (Note irregular dates--we have to work around Holiday events at the Hayner Center)

Cold and Flu Herbal Care Intensive

Are you really supposed to use Echinacea to fight a cold?  Come learn the who, what, how and why of herbs that are traditionally employed to alleviate colds and the flu, as well as common secondary infections that may accompany them.  We will have hands on medicine making of syrup and tea to take home to bolster your bag of home remedies for cold and flu season!  Text provided, bring a pen or pencil for note taking.

Age: Adult

Fee: $100 + $30 supply fee, total cost $130

Two dates to choose from:

Option 1:  9:30am to 2:30pm Sat 11/23/13  

Option 2:  9:30am to 2:30pm Sat 1/18/14 

We will break for lunch, people can go out on the town to buy lunch or pack their own.

Tuesday, June 11, 2013

Summer Semester Classes & Courses

Classes are offered at the Troy-Hayner Cultural Center in the art studio front room.  You may register at their website, at the Center in person or over the phone.  Per the Center's policy, classes must be paid in full before the class starts.  Checks are made payable to the instructor, Carla Hunolt.

Beginner's Introduction to Herbal Medicine:  A Comprehensive Course

This is a 6 part course for the beginning student who wants to learn about traditional herbal medicine in depth. Here we take the main lessons of a typical 9 month Foundations course and condense it into a serious study, without the 4 digit cost.

We will cover botany, apothecary practices, forms of administration, tissue states, tongue diagnosis, organs and their energetics, digestive, allergy, wound and nervous system care through herbs as well as make remedies to take home and more!  Remedies will include tinctures, tea, vinegar and a salve.  There will also be a plant walk!  A class text is provided but please bring a pen or pencil and paper to do some extra note taking.

This class is fitting for anyone who wants to learn about how plants work in the body, is mystified and confused standing in the supplement isles at health food stores, and/or would like to be empowered with a foundation for caring naturally for their basic health and that of their loved ones.

Ages 21+

6 parts, all Saturdays:

Sat 6/22, 7/6, 7/20, 8/3, 8/24, 9/14
10:00 a.m. - 12:00 p.m.

$375 includes all supplies


Learn how to make your own lacto-fermented foods!  This simple and ancient form of food preservation predates canning, retains available nutrients, makes them more assimilable and provides your body with probiotics.  We will discuss how lacto-fermented foods help with allergies, liver health, digestive woes, healthy skin, hair and nails and more!  Students will get to sample lacto-fermented foods and take home recipes for condiments and soda as well as some simple fermentation supplies.

Ages 18+

September 28, 2013

Starts at 10:00 a.m. and ends at 12:30 p.m.

$50 includes all supplies

Monday, May 6, 2013

Tree Medicine: The Bee Tree

Flowering Linden, captured by Ezzat Goushegir

The Linden Tree, Tilia europaea, is also called Lime Tree, Basswood and Bee Tree.  It is a soft and light-wooded tree.  It is used for carving and weaving mats or baskets due to its light and flexible nature.  You will frequently see it planted through towns along sidewalks.  When in flower, it is a sensation to be experienced!  The heavenly honey scent hangs in the air, and it is this that initially draws you to find the tree.  As you approach, you see countless little blossoms and hear a faint buzz in the air.  Up close you notice there is barely a dainty flower unattended by a honey bee or other pollinator and the buzzing grows to a loud humming whirling up and around the tree.  And if you bravely step under the Linden Tree and into the spiral sound, you can not only hear, but feel the collective vibration of hundreds, if not thousands of honey bees swirling around you as they busily tend to the delectable flowers and the sweet scent carries you upward by the shoulders into the vortex of sound.  It feels like, and literally is, sound and aromatherapy at the same time.  I've not experienced anything else like it!  It is amazing.

Linden is a cooling nervine, assuaging nervous conditions of heartache and sorrow, relieving tension and discord.  There are many varieties that are used interchangeably:  Tilia europaea, Tilia cordata, Tilia americana, Tilia vulgaris and others.

Linden leaf and flower make a delightfully delicate and tasty tea, astringing and bringing comfort that I would describe as being enveloped in an angel's wings.  It is light, warm, happy, cozy and uplifting all at the same time.  The more vulnerable and distraught the person feels, the more noticeable the effect is.  It relaxes without being sedating.

The nervine properties of Linden are also known to be of use with hypertension induced by stress, and it even has historical use with seizures as a number of nervines do (Valerian, Skullcap).  Please don't attempt to treat seizures without a medical professional.  

Administration is typically given by infusion, or for anxiety and heart palpitations the infusion may also be added to bathwater for a calming and relaxing soak.

Tilia americana at

It is true that town meetings used to be held under a Linden Tree--and wisely so.  Why today we have forgotten such a lovely practice is rather sad to me--we opt for florescent lights, stuffy, toxic air and irritable tensions all closed up in one room instead of the fresh, cleansing breeze of the outdoors, life-giving sunshine stimulating our bodies to synthesize vitamin D (the "happiness" vitamin) and receiving calming aromatherapy from one of Nature's most beautiful scents--the Linden.  Back when we relied fully on plants as medicine and in practical applications, we understood the value of such a practice.  Today it would be scoffed at as a silly, romantic notion by most people ("Ohh yeahhh, let's go meet under the tree, ha ha ha you tree hugging hippie!").

If there is one thing I want people to remember, it is how light our spirits really are.  Not just on the other side of this sometimes heavy, dense physical world, but before the age of...what shall we call today, the Age of Progress, Age of Science, Age of Expediency, Age of Narcissism, Age of Indulgence by Proxy of Convenience?  For all our tools and technology and advances, we have gained a vast new ignorance and severely severed our connection to our life-giving planet and Spirit of who we really are.  Technological material things make up reality for us, and we poison our bodies and minds to the point where we think things are not and were not possible or viable when they are and were, even more so than many of the fancy contraptions and methods we have come up with today.  Our food is lifeless and sterile, our medicine is cold and caustic, our hearts are hard and lonely, our earth's soil is poisoned and leached of life.

Sometimes, oftentimes, simpler truly is better.  Nature's model works for a reason.  And to trust in simplicity is to have faith....a faith which has been forgotten or worse--warped.

So brew up some Linden tea and settle in your heart, listen to your soul and remember the Age of Faith.  Faith in the natural order of things to provide what we need.  To arise from heaviness, heartache and sorrow with wings.  Linden helps us to achieve this, it helps us relax and feel light again...light for who we really are out outside of this physical reality and light for who we were within it in the past.

It is not to say that there were not dark struggles, severe challenges in ages gone by because there absolutely were.  But there was a faith and a merriment to life that we have completely lost to time today.  And we can create a much brighter future by combining the knowledge hard earned and accessibility of Spirit from the olden days with the new scientific advances of the current age to create the Age of Enlightenment as a reality in our lifetime and beyond.  If we practice this now, we  can transform our hopeful visions into a concrete reality.

Simplicity Meets Science:  this is what Linden speaks to me.

This information is for educational purposes.  It is not intended to be a replacement for advice from a licensed medical professional.  It is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.

Tuesday, April 9, 2013

Herbal Medicine: Allergy Relief

The sniffles in my nose have let me know that yep, Spring is finally here!  I love this time of year but my body does not enjoy all of the plant fertility blowing around on the breeze.  We just covered Allergy & Respiratory Care in our 6 week comprehensive course during part 4 this past Saturday.  I am currently sipping on the Allergy Care Tea we made as our class project.  Everyone took a bundle of tea bags home with them.  I am so grateful for the soothing effect of this tea on my sinuses, clearing of the post-nasal drip, clarity brought my vision and the opening of my lungs.  And it tastes great!  Here in Ohio, the pollen is just getting started because of our long winter, so this tea will be my best friend for the next 3 months.  I try to use all herbs for allergies in the form of tea or tincture to ensure a rapid response.

Not meaning to be a tease, but I'm keeping the tea recipe secret (you'll have to take the next class!  oh devilish me), but because I really want everyone to be able to find some tried and true natural alleviation of symptoms, I will share with you a few of the herbs and some other natural methods that work well for me--and better than any combo of pharmaceuticals ever did (mainly, Zyrtec-D, Nasonex and Singulair combined, to be specific).  I'm not saying I never sneeze, have eye itching, running noses or other things, but I can say since embarking on herbal medicine my springtime pollen allergies drastically improved to a degree never before seen with conventional medicines.  My allergies are much more manageable, I rarely contract a sinus infection, and I can spend more time outdoors all without compromising my immune system, lowering my blood pressure to crazy levels or other side effects that pharmaceuticals delivered...all thanks to plants!  

So let's see, what major common symptoms come with pollen allergies that need to be addressed?  

  • Itching eyes
  • Itching, running nose, sneezing
  • Swollen, congested sinuses
  • Wheezing lungs/asthma

All of this comes from your body inappropriately responding to the influx of pollen as a pathogen, triggering a hyperactive immune response and inflammation, the inflamed tissue getting irritated further by continued exposure, and the cycle compounds itself miserably.  Next thing you know, you are stuck inside laying on the couch, tissues stuffed up your nose and ice cubes melting over your eyes, water dripping down your face.  So the goal is to not only manage symptoms when they appear, but to keep them from popping up severely in the first place.

Allergy Alleviating Ally #1:  Goldenrod, Solidago ssp.

Goldenrod, pictured is one of many Solidago ssp.

I love this plant.  Goldenrod is blamed for Fall allergies, because it is showy and blooms everywhere in the fall.  However, it is insect pollinated, not wind pollinated and really is not the culprit.  The true devil for Fall allergies is in disguise--Ragweed, which has green, inconspicuous flowers, no nectar and large, wicked looking pollen that is wind-pollinated and takes to the breeze with much enthusiasm.

Pollen of Ragweed, Ambrosia artemisiifolia
picture by Marie Majaura on Wikipedia
The Solidago canadensis strain of Goldenrod is considered official, but there are oodles of varieties and they are generally considered interchangeable.  Goldenrod is phenomenal at keeping your body from having an allergic response to pollen or animal dander, or calming a reaction down!  Yes, if you turn into a puffy-eyed, stuffy-nosed monster around cats, dogs, trees, grass or flowers, this is the plant for you.  It is wonderful at stopping the eye itching.  I could not get through allergy season without this plant.  Goldenrod also is astringent and tightens up your sinuses that get all puffy and runny.  The leaf and flower are used.

Allergy Alleviating Ally #2:  Mullein, Verbascum ssp. including Verbascum thapsus, Verbascum olympicum (West Coast), Verbascum densiflorum

Mullein, Verbascum thapsus in flower
Photo by Forest & Kim Starr

Mullein is a biannual whose leaves are excellent for the lungs.  They open up the lungs, reduce inflammation and constriction, and moisten and nourish the tissues.  Mullein leaves are also great at reducing muscle pain.  Mullein flowers are antimicrobial and the main ingredient in ear oils!  This plant really helps reduce the wheezing of springtime allergies.  Phyllis Light taught me that Native Americans powdered together Mullein root and Black Walnut Hulls and sprinkled this mixture in water to stun fish.  Who says you need a fishing rod?  Cultures the world over have used various plants in this method.

Note to all asthmatics, you should always carry a rescue inhaler with you at all times, even if you get relief from some herbal supplements.  It's a sensible rule of thumb.

Allergy Alleviating Allies #3 & #4, The Mint Family Duo:  Peppermint, Mentha piperita & Ground Ivy, Glechoma hederacea

Peppermint, Mentha piperita

Peppermint.  Ever been annoyed at this plant taking over your garden??  Mints are invasive, but oh so helpful.  Stimulating and cooling both at the same time, Peppermint is diaphoretic, deeply stimulating, contraindicated in pregnancy other than in small amounts, and its potent aromatic oils open and cool congested, irritated sinuses.

Ground Ivy, Glechoma hederacea @

Ground Ivy, Glechoma hederacea, is also in the mint family and acts similarly on the sinuses as Peppermint, being soothing, cooling, anti-inflammatory and opening. Ground Ivy has the bonus of being fabulous at knocking out sinus infections.  It is also widely regarded as safe, and not contraindicated in pregnancy as it lacks the potent stimulating action of Peppermint.  This plant I give major credit to with regards to my drastic reduction in sinus infections.  I always use this plant every spring.  If you want to learn more about Ground Ivy, read my post dedicated to this most wonderful of plants.  Ground Ivy is not commercially available, so if you do not have it growing in your yard (or have a positive ID of the plant), Peppermint will be easy enough to find.

Other Natural Allergy Care Methods

Quercetin is a flavonoid found in onions, mainly in the skins of red and especially yellow onions.  The white varieties carry low amounts of quercetin.  Other plants contain it too.  Quercetin is sold concentrated in tablet form and is amazing at stopping a histamine reaction. The tablets with bromelain (a pineapple enzyme) are best for easier digestion of the tablet.  Quercetin is pricey, but even if you take only half the recommended dose to make it last longer, it is a worthwhile investment.

Local Bee Pollen and Local Honey. I find the dark fall wildflower honeys to be best, as they contain more antioxidants than light honeys, plus have goldenrod nectar in them which delivers that allergy soothing goodness. The nectar from plants that comprises honey is medicinal...I've heard (not tried) that taking poison oak honey (which is supposedly delicious and buttery) will keep you from having an allergic reaction to poison oak.

Nettipot after coming inside for the day so pollen doesn't sit in your sinuses all night.  Boil water first to kill microbes/potential deadly amoebas and let cool to lukewarm before using, or alternatively used distilled water.  Add 1/4 tsp. baking soda or sea salt, or a salt packet that comes with the nettipot to a nettipot full of lukewarm water.  Stir until completely dissolved and follow instructions that come with the nettipot.  First you flush one side, then repeat on the other.  I've noticed it is easier to do this in the shower than over a sink.

Shower after spending time outdoors, especially before bed.  Otherwise the pollen will fall out of your hair and get on your pillowcase, and you get to breathe it in and mash it in your eyes while you sleep.  The goal is to wake up without allergies going wild, as you will have had about 8 hours without any allergy supplements in your system.  You want your body to re-set to calmness in your sleep, not have constant aggravation.

Allergy Eyedrops are a lifesaver for when the wind kicks up a load of pollen into your eyes.  You can wash it out!

There are plenty more herbs out there that can help deal with spring and fall allergies, but this is just meant to give you a good, solid introductory foundation.  If you want to learn more, I will be offering another 6-week Comprehensive Course on Herbal Medicine this summer (dates to be posted soon) or look for an herbalist near you!  Alcohol or glycerine extracts of the herbs discussed here as well as quercetin tablets and nettipots should be readily available at your local health food store.  If not, ask and they can probably special order them for you!

Happy Spring.  May the pollen not be so bothersome to you this year.

These statements obviously have not been evaluated by the FDA.  This information is for educational purposes.  It is not intended to be a replacement for advice from a licensed medical professional.  It is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.

Wednesday, March 27, 2013

Tree Medicine: Willows, the Utilitarians

Paul Strauss calls trees "the big herbs."  When folks think of herbal medicine, they often think of herbs as plants, about 1'-5' in height and do not realize many of the very trees they walk by have powerful attributes as well.  Today I am going to discuss willows.

White Willow, Salix alba

With wispy leaves and branches, a willow is mainly regarded as an enchanting tree we see growing along streams or ponds, the stuff of fairy tales and lore.  Remember the man-hungry Old Man Willow in JRR Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings??  Willows have an age old association with the Underworld.  There is far more to willow trees than just mystery and romance.  The instinctive notion that there is something mighty and powerful lurking in such a soft-wooded tree is correct.  Herbalists often talk about willows containing salicin, a plant hormone that is metabolized into salicylic acid.  Salicin was first isolated from White Willow, Salix alba, to compound acetylsalicylic acid, or asprin.  And the word "aspirin" was derived from another famous plant with salicylates, Meadowsweet, whose Latin name used to be Spiraea ulmaria, before it was changed to Filipendula ulmaria.  White Willow, Salix alba, and Black Willow, Salix nigra, are the two primarily used in herbal medicine.

Unlike aspirin, plants with salicylates are not irritating to the stomach nor the rest of the digestive tract.  They have the ability soothe tissues, including healing the irritation caused by aspirin.  Salicylic acid is also well known for being helpful in topical acne treatments.

Plants have a spike in the production of salicylic acid as part of their defense response to being attacked.  This helps the plant to acquire "immunity" if you will to the invading pathogen.  It is called systemic acquired resistance (SAR).  Think of it as a plant's equivalent to antibodies.  Plants can also use salicylic acid to trigger SAR in surrounding plants by converting it to methyl salicylate, which is volatile, and can radiate out to the surrounding periphery with the sun's heat.

The Native Americans and settlers to the "New World" used White Willow and Black Willow to lower fevers, help with rheumatic pains, and pretty much capitalized on their anti-inflammatory, analgesic and febrifuge properties in any fashion necessary.

Being so high in hormones, Matthew Wood in his Earthwise Herbal: A Complete Guide to New World Medicinal Plants points out that Black Willow was used as a sexual tonic, listing specific indications of "nocturnal emissions, impotence, ovarian pain before and after menses, nervous disorders, and leucorrhea" during the 19th century (pg. 313).  White and Black Willow have both been used for worms in the intestines.

Salicin and other plant hormones are found more so in the young green branches and especially buds of Willows, and not so much in the mature bark.  Mature Willow bark is incredibly high in tannins.  The combination of anti-inflammatory salicylates and astringent tannins is very helpful for a variety of digestive disorders and many plants possess varying degrees of both of these attributes.  Astringents tighten and tone the tissues, making them impervious to pathogens.

Willows also contain fairly large amounts of indolebutyric acid, another plant hormone, and this causes plants to root easily.  Because of this, green willow branches of any willow species can be cut, plunked in the ground, watered and they will immediately grow roots.  You will see the branches produce leaves in 2-3 weeks!  This special function of willows means that you can use tender willow branches to make your own natural rooting hormone to help cuttings of other plants grow roots that would not do so voluntarily, and the salicin helps keep cuttings healthy while they are growing roots.

This characteristic ease of rooting has lead the imagination of many to come up with multiple practical, beautiful and interesting uses of Willows...the most fascinating being planting live canes into the ground and weaving them together as living hedges or fences, arbors, playhouses, trellises and more.  It is like sculpting with plants!  This is much more popular in the UK and Europe; sadly there seem to be few people in the USA utilizing or selling living willow canes for this use.  Maybe that will change in the near future.

Auerworld Palace, Germany, A Living Willow Structure
See more at Jan Johnsen's Blog

Apparently Willows have been used to plant living hedges for eons, dating back to the Middle Ages if not farther.  Willow is also used to control soil erosion along waterways thanks to its prolific root system, and you can even use branches to weave sides for stream banks, raised beds or even make living furniture with the right variety (some grow giant, some stay small).  Because it grows so fast, it makes a good sustainable option for fueling rocket stove thermal mass heaters which require little wood, providing rods for basket weaving (in a variety of colors, no less) and larger branches for making conventional furniture as well.

If you weave a Willow fence in your yard, be sure you are using branches from a variety that does not grow to be a giant, such as White or Black Willows.  Shorter, more compact varieties are suitable for fences.  Not just because of their end size, but because of their water seeking roots.  The large varieties have been known to destroy septic systems, even leaky foundations because of their large, exploratory root systems.  It's generally advised to not plant any trees around septic systems, as all will eventually use their roots to try to get to the moisture, but Willows are particularly fast growing.  Choose the right variety for your particular project and project location.

To close, here I will give you a recipe to make your own rooting hormone from any variety of Willow.

How to Make Your Own Willow Rooting Hormone

Cut a large handful of young, green willow twigs (new growth) about 5" long, preferably with buds on them.  If there are leaves and not buds, strip off the leaves.

Cut the twigs into 1" pieces and place in a quart mason jar.  It should be around half full.

Boil water in a kettle.  Once it is boiling, remove from the heat and pour over the twigs, filling the jar.  Let steep for 12 hours, then strain.  Alternatively, cover twig pieces with cold water and let them cold infuse for several days before straining.

To use, stand your cuttings to be rooted in the willow water for about a day and then plant in soil, or water cuttings placed in soil a couple of times with the willow infusion.

You can keep your rooting hormone for reuse by putting a lid and label on it and storing it in the fridge for at least a month.

This information is for educational purposes.  It is not intended to be a replacement for advice from a licensed medical professional.  It is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.

Saturday, March 9, 2013

Oneirogenic Herbs: Masters of Dreaming

Oneirogenic is not a word you come across every day.   It is used to describe a plant that induces lucid, or at least vivid dreaming when you sleep.  The dreams often are profound.  Sometimes they illustrate present circumstances, hashing out the psychological and spiritual knots for you; less often they can illustrate events "that have not yet come to pass..." (Galadriel's voice there).  Different oneirogenic plants will take you to distinctively different dream worlds, if you will, with their own unique landscapes and/or moods.  They are rich with symbolism; our subconscious mind thinks with symbols.

I've mentioned before how plants can work on the mind-body-spirit connection to bring about wholeness and healing.  The dream world is just another route that some plants are able to work through.  In dream state, when we recess partially back into the fullness of who we are outside of this limited material reality, our rational linear mind is out of the way and our subconsciousness takes over, sorting through events and issues for us.  Some plants are teachers that work through dream time.

Cultures the world over have discovered green allies where they live that are dream-inducers.  It's not witchcraft, it's not voodoo, it's really just the natural way of some plants' medicine.  And if you are willing and able to listen to what they have to show you, you can benefit from dream medicine.  Shamanic plants are a natural phenomenon, though not all people have the strength nor understanding to use them.  Here we will discuss a few oneirogenic herbs and some of their other medicinal properties.

Mugwort, Artemisia vulgaris

Ah, Mugwort.  One of the most common of the Artemisias (vulgaris means common) and possibly the most well known dream inducing herb.  Mugwort is the cousin of Wormwood, Artemisia absinthium, the most famous (or should I say infamous) of the genus.  Wormwood is one of the main herbs in Absinthe, giving the drink its famous green color and its name.  But woe to the person who uses Wormwood without caution.  It is a powerful vermifuge (expels parasites) and contains large amounts of thujone which is toxic in high doses.  Mugwort, on the other hand, does not have the toxicity of Wormwood, though all Artemisias do have vermifuge properties to varying degrees.

Mugwort (and Mugwort species similar to A. vulgaris that grow in other countries) is the plant used in moxibustion , which is the practice in acupunture of smudging (burning/smoldering) the plant material over an acupuncture needle/point to remove a blockage at the acupuncture point and open the channel by stimulating circulation.

Mugwort is famous for inducing dreams.  Primarily the fresh plant is used.  You pick a sprig and place it under your pillow while you sleep at night.  The dried herb is commonly used in dream pillows, but it is not as effective as using the fresh plant.

The dreams brought on by Mugwort tend to deal with boundaries and protecting the "wounded feminine" (à la Matthew Wood, confirmed by my own experience) side of a man or woman.  They have a neutral feel to them while you are dreaming, upon waking and reflecting on the dream, they tend to, at least in my experience, have a serious tone that exposes the shadows.  Artemisias are all associated with Artemis, or Diana, the virginal goddess of the hunt.  Her aim is true and she is a tireless warrior.

Speaking of tireless, there are times when Mugwort will not allow you to dream, instead she will keep you awake.  The solution to this is to remove the sprig of Mugwort from under your pillow.  Maybe even change the pillow case if the scent of the plant still lingers and keeps you alert.  This will mainly happen if you are trying to use it for a second or third night in a row, or are going to bed with a racing mind.  Mugwort will give you specific messages but when used multiple days in a row may cease "working" because you are expected to take time to digest what lessons have been presented.

Avoid using internally during pregnancy.

Silene undulata at iSpot

Xhosa, Dream Root, White Ways/Paths, Silene capensis, Silene undulata

Xhosa is a plant from South Africa with delightfully scented flowers.  The root is used as an oneirogen.  The name "White Ways" comes from the dreamscape this plant offers, which is often white, the mood cleansing and pure, and it is reported that on these "White Paths" you can communicate with ancestors.  Thus, no surprise, it has historical shamanic use by the female diviners of the Xhosa people of South Africa.  However, Xhosa is known to only open the White Paths to people receptive/sensitive enough to do the work.

The Xhosa root is the part used.  It is high in saponins, or foaming agents.  A traditional preparation involves mashing the root and mixing it briskly in water until foam forms.  Then you eat the foam until you have a feeling of fullness and ultimately burp, and may repeat this process with the same cold infusion of the root.

It does not seem to matter what time of day you consume Xhosa, as you will have the dreams the following night even if you ingested it in the morning.  This plant may be taken multiple nights in a row (usually three) with increasing effects.  It does seem to matter that you avoid meat before taking the herb, and resume eating meat afterwards, for maximum benefit.  This is traditional practice.

Using dried root seems less successful than using fresh as an infusion, but it can be used.  I would suggest grinding it up and letting it sit in the water to re-hydrate for a few hours before making the bubbles.  The fresh or dried root can also be chewed instead of mashed and foamed up in water, with excellent results.

Xhosa gives no reported side effects besides a feeling of well-being and lightness of heart the next day.

Dog Grass, Dream Herb, Leaf of God, Calea zacatechichi, Calea ternifolia

Calea zacatechichi is a hot-climate bitter and astringent plant that grows in Central America, Costa Rica and elsewhere.  The Chontal Medicine men of Oaxaca, the people known to use this plant, give Zacatechichi the name "Leaf of God."  They state it sharpens and clears the senses.  It also has important uses beyond is oneirogenic effects.  Bitter is the key, as bitter plants work on the digestive cascade, priming it to receive and digest food.  Thus, for this purpose it may be used before meals.  Zacatechichi (means bitter grass) has uses for a variety of digestive complaints, especially coupled with its astringent nature which aids in cases of pathogen-induced diarrhea.  It is a febrifuge as well.  Zacatechichi also gives a feeling of euphoria when ingested.

Apparently poorly educated persons in the state of Louisiana and the country of Poland have banned human consumption of this plant and such action illustrates continued ignorance and fear of things most do not understand.  A plant that makes you dream just enhances a natural function you would already be doing while asleep.  The ignorant suppositions that 1) feeling euphoric and 2) lucid dreaming is worth banning are thick-headed devil spawns of the eternally failing "War on Drugs," pharmaceutical companies' interests and residual Puritanical religious taboo (aka the Axis of Evil for human consciousness).  But I digress.

As a dream inducing plant, Zacatechichi is taken before bed because it will make you sleepy, and is used in a two or threefold manner.  First, before bed, an infusion is made from the leaves.  It is bitter and Americans really can't stomach that kind of drink well without getting nauseated.  But it is the first step nonetheless.  Second, a cigarette is rolled out of the leaves and smoked.  Reportedly you know you have ingested all the plant material necessary when a state of relaxation is reached in which you can hear and feel your heart beat, strong and slow.  Then, a leaf of the plant may be slid under the pillow and you drift off to sleep.

The dreamscape is ultra vivid, as with many oneirogens, and I've read about others experiencing a suspension of time, as if much more time is "lived through" if you will, in a night than the normal dream process would allow.  There are no reported side effects the next day, only a persisting feeling of wellness and peace.

Most people opt for solely smoking the Zacatechichi cigarette, but if you wish to follow tradition, gather your wits and drink the tea first...cheer yourself on with the saying from San Salvador Island..."What goes in bitter, comes out sweet and what goes in sweet comes out bitter."  Translation: bitters do good things in the body, sweets do bad things.

May sweet dreaming visit you tonight...

This information is for educational purposes.  It is not intended to be a replacement for advice from a licensed medical professional.  It is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.

Wednesday, March 6, 2013

The Inherent Handfasting of Permaculture and Herbalism + Lasagna Raised Beds

"Uhm...what is perm-uh-culcher?"  That is something that I have been asked quite a few times.  Permaculture is basically the practice of utilizing the resources and layout of the land in sustainable, ecologically beneficial, self-supporting, and eco-restorative ways.  This includes all sorts of practices from using rain barrels, building grey water filtration systems, monopolizing on microclimates, to growing "food forests" and building permaculture beds that build the soil structure and its moisture retentive value rather then degrade and erode as plowing and rota-tilling do.  Other permaculture activities include worm farming, bee keeping, composting, companion planting, natural building....and many, many other concepts around and in-between that I am definitely not a guru on (but maybe one day?).  Sepp Holzer is a famous permaculturist from Germany that has managed to utilize his habitat in the Alpine regions to allow lemon and peach trees to grow...and they continue to come back year after year.  Yes, I said lemon trees and yes, I said in the Alps.

Permaculture and Herbalism co-mingle because they are both natural ways of living that benefit each other.  "Permies," or folks who utilize permaculture practices, have an interest in propagating/incorporating healing plants for self sufficiency and ecology's sakes; folks who have a natural interest in healing with plants by proxy have the desire to grow plants in low-impact, ecologically restorative ways, to ensure the plants that heal are as healthy as they can be for their own benefit and that of those who use them as food or medicine.

So, would you like to learn how to make a permaculture bed that you can direct-plant your herbs, flowers, or vegetables into this spring?  Yes?  Let me introduce you to the "lasagna" style raised bed...

In case you have never made nor eaten lasagna, it consists of layers of sauce, cheese, noodles, repeat.  And then it is baked in the oven.  "Lasagna" raised beds are made by using different materials that will be nutritionally beneficial and/or moisture retentive and layering them between dirt.  You can start lasagna beds in the fall, adding lots of compost-ables, covering it with landscape fabric and let the worms do the work until the next spring ("baking"), but you can make the lasagna beds ready for immediate planting by using already composted materials.

So, you buy some top soil and have it delivered.  Then you buy some bone meal (calcium and phosphorus which your plants need to fruit and flower), obtain some composted chicken or horse manure,  worm castings, lime, sawdust (as long as it is free of treated wood which is toxic!!!) or old, rotting wood from the woods, and a big stack of newspapers (no glossy pages--the ink has heavy metals), or pull up the old moving boxes from the basement that you don't know what to do with (remove the tape).  Oh, and get the watering hose ready.

So, since you are not disturbing your soil, its structure will stay in place, and be enriched by what you are about to place on top of it.  But note the grass.  Who wants grass in their raised bed?  No one.  So, we must kill the grass.  But not with pesticides!!  This is what the newspaper and/or boxes are for.  After taking out the glossy pages from the newspaper and discarding them, and/or the tape from the boxes and discarding that...lay the cardboard flat on the ground (cut the box down one side to make it a flat piece) or layer the newspapers multiple sheets thick (~5-10 pgs).  As you put them on the ground, spray the paper/cardboard with the watering hose.  This not only weighs down the paper/cardboard so it will not fly away if the wind kicks up, but the moisture helps get it ready to compost over time as well as invites little worms up the the surface.

Now, while the paper/cardboard is still wet, shovel a layer of top soil a couple of inches thick on top.

Next sprinkle a light layer of composted manure.  You want it to be the oldest composted manure you can find so the nitrogen has mellowed a bit.  Manure is intense so resist the urge to add more because "it doesn't look like much...."  You don't want to burn the roots of your plants.  Many places will let you haul composted manure away for free because their piles get so large over the year.  Call around.

Next spread bone meal (following sq. foot recommendations on package) and/or crushed egg shells.

Then, sprinkle a generous layer of saw dust (free of treated wood) or rotten wood from the woods.  This helps the soil retain moisture.  You can also add a layer of coir here, which is the husks of coconuts.  Avoid peat moss.  It not only is rather destructive to the environment to harvest, but it also encourages algae growth and squelches soil aeration.  Blegh.  Maybe mix in your worm castings and compost to this step!!  Mushroom compost is great if you can find it.

Otherwise, add worm castings and/or vegetable/leaf/mushroom compost on top the the sawdust.

After that, sprinkle a dainty layer of lime.

Also consider adding in grass clippings from a pesticide free lawn and your coffee grounds and banana peels from morning breakfast.

Top it all off with a final, generous layer of top soil.  Voila!  You are ready to plant.  In the following year, your lasagna bed soil structure will be optimal, but it will grow plants delightfully well in the first year.

Don't forget to mulch around your plants!  It keeps down weeds and helps keep in moisture on a hot summer day.

Also, if you make these in the fall to overwinter and use the next year, you may add more compost-ables (leaves, vegetable scraps, lawn clippings) and less dirt.  Don't forget to cover it up with landscape fabric!

Enjoy practicing Permaculture!  Plant some herbs!!!